Ant-plant interactions in Australia by Elizabeth A. Davison (auth.), Ralf C. Buckley (eds.)

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By Elizabeth A. Davison (auth.), Ralf C. Buckley (eds.)

Early learn on ant-plant interactions in Australia was once principally limited to the economically very important challenge of ants harvesting surface-sown pasture seed (e. g. Campbell 1966). The document through Berg (1975) of common myrmecochory in Australia, and a burst of in a foreign country study, prompted study on various ant-plant interactions in Australia. This publication summarizes such learn and offers reeent and present paintings on seed harvesting, myrmecochory, ant-epiphytes, extrafloral nectaries, ant-plant-homopteran platforms, and the effect of plants on ant faunas. i'm hoping that it'll inspire additional paintings in those and comparable parts, and that the evaluation and bibliography of ant-plant interactions within the leisure ofthe international will function an invaluable resource for these getting into the sphere. The richness of Australia's vegetation and ant fauna render it a very attention-grabbing continent for the research of interactions among them. As instantly obvious from the record of contents, ant-seed interactions are relatively major in Australia. this isn't incredible for a comparatively dry continent bearing a mostly sc1erophyllous plant conceal. destiny learn, besides the fact that, specially within the tropical north, is like1y to bare additional sorts of interplay, possibly similar to these attribute of the tropics in different places, or maybe distinctively Australian. many of the chapters were shortened and changed significantly from the unique manuscripts, however the rules and effects awarded are, after all, these of the person authors.

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1978), and ants also take seeds sown onto recreational areas, the total eost of seed loss eould be high. Reducing seed losses The evidence presented above shows that unIess losses due to seed-harvesting ants can be redueed all aerial sowings are at risk of partial or complete failure. The simplest method of reducing losses would be to sow when seed-harvesting ants are inactive. This could be achieved by winter sowing at altitudes above 1,000 m (J ohns and Greenup 1976a), but is an unreliable method as substantiallosses would occur in unusually dry or warm winters (Campbell and Swain 1973; Johns and Greenup 1976a).

1963. Establishment of pasture species on unploughed ground. Third Aust. Grass!. , Paper 4-3. Campbell, M. , 1966. Theft by harvesting ants of pasture seed broadcast on unploughed land. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 6: 334-338. Campbell, M. , 1968. Cops and robbers. Chiasma 6: 93. Campbell, M. , 1977. No remedy for seed-stealing ants. Agric. W. 88: 44. Campbell, M. H. & Gilmour, A. , 1979. Reducing losses of surface-sown seed due to harvesting ants. Aust. J. Exp. Agric, Anim. Husb. 19: 706-711.

1964. Ant distribution in a southern English heath. J. Anim. Eco!. 33: 451-461. Briese, D. , 1974. Ecological Studies on ar Ant Community in a Semi-arid Habitat (with Emphasis on Seed-harvesting Species). Unpublished Ph. D. Thesis, Australian National University. Briese, D. T. & Macauley, B. , 1981. Food collection within an ant community in semi-arid Australia, with special reference to seed harvesterso Aust. J. Eco!. 6: 1-19. Brown, E. , 1959. Immature nutfall of coconuts in the Solomon Islands.

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