An Introduction to Agricultural Geography by David Grigg

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By David Grigg

Applying approximately 1/2 the world's staff, agriculture is obviously of significant financial and social significance. an important number of equipment are used globally; the Western international has the most recent medical and business developments at its disposal, but within the Thrid global a residing is made utilizing instruments that experience infrequently replaced in thousand years. An creation to Agricultural Geography offers an in depth consultant via this various and increaslingly vital geographical topic, aiming to teach wide variety of things clarify how agricultural practices fluctuate from position to put. facing the actual atmosphere, monetary behaviour and calls for, institutional and social impacts and the impression of farming upon the surroundings, the writer has produced an enormous introductory textual content that's topical, incisive and eventually necessary to succeed in an knowing of the impressive variety of the world's significant undefined.

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It is also difficult to distinguish the effect of soils in sensu stricto upon crop growth from other environmental variables. Texture is thought to be a major determinant of crop yields in England because it influences the amount of moisture available in the soil, yet this is clearly ultimately a function of rainfall and evaporation, not simply texture. The soil is more easily modified than climate or slope. Modern farming methods make it possible to supply plant nutrients to an inherently infertile soil, acid soils can be treated with lime, and waterlogged soils can be improved by underdraining.

This system requires that much of the farmer’s land be in grass or fodder crops, such as turnips; in combination with the growth of legumes it was the basis of mixed farming in Western Europe. Chemical fertilizers Inorganic fertilizers have been widely used in traditional farming systems. Thus bones have been crushed to give phosphorus, and clays have been mixed with sands to improve texture and add potassium. The modern fertilizer industry dates back to the 1840s, but it was not until after the Second World War that fertilizer production became cheap enough to allow its intensive use.

Rainfall variability and the margin Away from the area of optimum rainfall not only do crop yields decline, but variability from year to year increases. This is particularly so in the subhumid and semi-arid zones, where much of the world’s commercial wheat is grown; such areas include the Prairie provinces in Canada, the Great Plains in the USA, and southern Russia. 2). In areas of high variability, rain is often concentrated in one season, and brought by depressions whose tracks vary from one year to the next.

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