Agricultural Applications by Paul A. Horgen, Alan Castle (auth.), Professor Dr. Frank

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By Paul A. Horgen, Alan Castle (auth.), Professor Dr. Frank Kempken (eds.)

During this quantity the relevance of fungi for agriculture is mentioned in 4 sections. the 1st one 'Food and Fodder creation' matters the applying and capability of mushrooms, straw enrichment, and foodstuff or crop spoilage. the subsequent part 'Mycotoxins and cleansing' offers with the biosynthesis of mycotoxins and using fungi in organopollutant degradation. a wide part entitled 'Disease keep an eye on, Diagnostic, and administration' covers numerous elements of organic regulate (fungi, bugs, and weeds), diagnostics with emphasis at the instance of Magnaporthegrisea, and illness administration with specialize in the real fungal pathogens Phoma, Fusarium, rusts and powdery mold. The final part 'Update on Host-Parasite Interactions' discusses sign transduction, avirulence determinants, phytotoxins, mobilephone wall degradation, and the coevolution of pathogenic fungi and grass hosts.

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The fungal preference for hemicellulose over lignin may be indicative of the need for a more readily digestible energy source prior to lignin degradation. Cellulose was extensively degraded only by P. chrysosporium (69% loss after 28days of incubation), while maize stover colonized by the other two fungi retained more than 84 % of the original cellulose. The results of this study suggest that the enhancement of digestibility of maize stover colonized by white-rot fungi is regulated by various factors including degradation of structural carbohydrates, phenolic acids and lignin.

Chrysosporium (+9%) and P tremelosa (+5%) increased the IVDMD of oat straw. The other fungi decreased IVDMD of oat straw by ab out 2-5 units. P. chrysosporium seems to be able to improve the quality of oat straw but the loss of DM limits the practical benefit of this increased digestibility. 32 E. Maize Stover D. Jalc times more effectively than P. brevispora, indicating that lignin degradation alone cannot account for the IVDMD enhancement and that degradation of PCA and FA may be important. Hemicelluloses were preferentially utilized by all the fungi.

Treatment with ten species of white-rot fungi significantly reduced the hemicellulose content in wheat straw. Other fungi Inonotus andersonii, Inonotus obliquus and Phelinus laevigatus - caused only sm all differences in the hemicellulose conte nt of decayed straw. The cellulose content was (1) reduced in straw treated with six species of fungi, (2) unchanged with five species of fungi, and (3) increased with two species of fungi. The lignin content was reduced after fungal treatment of wheat straw by most of the fungi.

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