By Florence E. Babb
Nicaragua's Sandinista revolution (1979-1990) initiated a extensive software of social transformation to enhance the location of the operating classification and negative, girls, and different non-elite teams via agrarian reform, restructured city employment, and vast entry to future health care, schooling, and social companies. This booklet explores how Nicaragua's least strong voters have fared within the years because the Sandinista revolution, as neoliberal governments have rolled again those state-supported reforms and brought measures to advertise the improvement of a market-driven economy.
Drawing on ethnographic examine performed in the course of the Nineties, Florence Babb describes the adverse results that experience the go back to a capitalist course, in particular for ladies and low-income voters. furthermore, she charts the expansion of women's and different social events (neighborhood, lesbian and homosexual, indigenous, formative years, peace, and environmental) that experience taken good thing about new openings for political mobilization. Her ethnographic images of a low-income barrio and of women's craft cooperatives powerfully hyperlink neighborhood, cultural responses to nationwide and worldwide processes.
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Additional info for After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua
13 Drawing inspiration from recent work that brings together the political and the cultural to better understand current developments in Latin America (Al- 22 AF TER REVOLUTION varez, Dagnino, and Escobar 1998), my work also engages the economic in a feminist analysis of contemporary developments in Nicaragua and beyond. Ultimately, this project is more concerned to raise questions than to resolve them, as the shifting terrain of late-twentieth-century neoliberalism and globalization unsettles our thinking in ways that may prove most valuable in remapping our understanding of Nicaragua in the world.
S. $2,000) to leave jobs and establish microenterprises as part of the effort to privatize the economy and reduce social spending. Many women invested in freezers in order to sell soft drinks and ice cream out of their homes, businesses that were destined to fail in an economy already saturated with small, informal enterprises. The result of this ill-conceived plan to cut back the state sector and favor the private sector has been still-rising unemployment and underemployment. Yet, when I addressed the special obstacles confronting women in small industries and commerce with ofﬁcials in the Ministry of the Economy who were dedicated to microenterprise development, few were interested in discussing the effects of current policy on these women.
According to Escobar and Alvarez (1992: 3), new research shows that “a multiplicity of social actors establish their presence and spheres of autonomy in a fragmented social and political space. ” John Beverley and José Oviedo (1993: 1) have commented on the Latin American turn toward postmodernism, which has reinvigorated debate on the Left and led to new thinking about the relationship between local cultures and transnational politics. ” He describes a crisis of development that may account for both the emergence of new social movements and the theoretical turn toward more pluralist approaches motivated by a desire to embrace cultural differences.