Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics by Patricia Cabredo Hofherr, Ora Matushansky

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By Patricia Cabredo Hofherr, Ora Matushansky

Adjectives are relatively much less good studied than the lexical different types of nouns and verbs. the current quantity brings jointly experiences within the syntax and semantics of adjectives. 4 of the contributions examine the syntax of adjectives in various languages (English, French, Mandarin chinese language, sleek Hebrew, Russian, Spanish, and Serbocroatian). The theoretical concerns explored comprise: the syntax of attributive and predicative adjectives, the syntax of nominalized adjectives and the identity of adjectives as a unique lexical type in Mandarin chinese language. yet another 4 contributions research varied facets within the semantics of adjectives in English, French, and Spanish, facing superlatives, comparatives, and point in adjectives. This quantity should be of curiosity to researchers and scholars in syntax, formal semantics, and language typology.

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Extra resources for Adjectives: Formal Analyses in Syntax and Semantics (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today)

Sample text

Red big cars (marked order, focal/topic stress, hierarchical modification: red among big cars) c. a luxurious, hot, steaming bath In (18a/b) the adjectival modification shows hierarchical properties whereby each adjective further restricts the set defined by the adjective(s)+noun combination to its right; in other words, in a sequence ‘adjective – adjective – adjective – noun’ the leftmost adjective does not modify only the head noun but the noun as modified by other intervening adjectives (compare the paraphrases for 18a and 18b).

Slavic short and long adjectives (OCS and BCS) I will first provide some background about morphological, syntactic and semantic properties of BCS (Slavic) short and long adjectives. Morphology. e. case-number-gender endings), nominal and definite adjectival aspect”) is mostly expressed through prosodic means (vowel length, tone, accent). Bosnian is a variant of BCS spoken in Bosnia and Hercegovina. Most differences between Serbian and Croatian on the one side, and Bosnian on the other, concern pronunciation and vocabulary, and the most prominent phonetic feature of Bosnian as opposed to Croatian and Serbian is its pitch-accent.

For example in the sentence Mi ga jedemo sirovog â•›‘we eat it raw’, the adjective sirovog appears with the pronominal inflection although it is used predicatively. Syntactic positions of attributive adjectives  with the (phi-set of the) functional head F, the latter being the source of the extra (pronominal/long) inflection. As for short adjectives, the structure (24b) provides no source for an extra inflection, an adjective inserted in such a structure will never appear as “long”. There are also several other advantages of this third view.

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