A History of Latin America, Volume 1: Ancient America to by Benjamin Keen, Keith Haynes

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By Benjamin Keen, Keith Haynes

This best-selling textual content for introductory Latin American background classes, A background of Latin the US, encompasses political and diplomatic thought, category constitution and financial association, tradition and faith, and the surroundings. The integrating framework is the dependency thought, the preferred interpretation of Latin American background, which stresses the industrial courting of Latin American countries to wealthier countries, really the United States.Spanning pre-historic occasions to the current, A heritage of Latin the United States makes use of either a chronological and a nation-by-nation method, and comprises the newest old research and the main updated learn. this is often the main streamlined and cohesive variation but, with massive additions to pedagogy and bankruptcy content material. extended insurance of social and cultural heritage contains ladies, indigenous cultures, and Afro-Latino peoples.

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The Olmec civilization of the Mexican gulf lowlands displays some Classic features but falls within the time span usually allotted to the Formative. In Peru the period is best represented by the brilliant Mochica and Nazca civilizations of the coast. The available evidence suggests that the Classic stage was limited to Mesoamerica, the central Andean area (the highlands and coasts of Peru and Bolivia), and the Ecuadorian coast. The Classic era ended abruptly in both the northern and southern ends of Nuclear America.

A second cycle was the solar year of 365 days, divided into eighteen “months” of twenty days each, plus a final period of five unlucky days during which all unnecessary activity was banned. Completion of these two cycles coincided every fifty-two years. Stelae bearing hieroglyphic texts indicating the date and other calendrical data—such as the state of the moon, the position of the planet Venus, and so on—were frequently erected at the end of the fifty-two-year cycle and at other intervals. The Maya developed the science of mathematics further than any of their Middle American neighbors.

One was associated with the worship of Tezcatlipoca, a Toltec tribal god pictured as an all-powerful and capricious deity who demanded human sacrifice. The other was identified with the cult of the ancient god Quetzalcóatl, who had given maize, learning, and the arts to men and women. In a version of the Quetzalcóatl legend that may reflect postConquest Christian influence, the god asked the people for only the peaceful sacrifices of jade, snakes, and butterflies. This struggle found fanciful expression in the native legend that tells how the black magic of the enchanter Tezcatlipoca caused the saintly priest-king Quetzalcóatl to fall from grace and drove him into exile from Tula.

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