By Thomas Rowland
Excerpt from A Grammar of the Welsh Language in keeping with the main authorized structures: With Copious Examples From probably the most right Welsh Writers
This Essay, independently of its intrinsic worthy, advantages nice compliment, as being the 1st ordinary try and clarify the foundations of Welsh Syntax. In giving definitions of issues belonging to common Grammar, and in showing correspondence of idiom among the Welsh and the Latin and Greek languages, a lot support used to be additionally derived from Zumpt, Key, Arnold, Matthiæ, and Kühner.
All will enable Welsh Grammar, more suitable to any of these which were hitherto released, is particularly a lot wanted; yet even if the current paintings surpasses its predecessors, has to be made up our minds by way of the reader. it will likely be visible, there's no doubt, that many deficiencies exist during this creation, and that its shortcomings are a number of. despite the fact that, may still a moment version be known as for, it truly is was hoping that those deficiencies will be amended, blunders rectified, and plenty of observations further that have now been passed over, owing in part to wish of time, and partially to wish of data. And with this view it might be deemed a kindness if Welsh critics could, both publicly or privately, favour me with tricks, emendations, and feedback, in order that i'll be enabled to ship forth a moment version extra systematic, extra ideal, and extra complete.
It is my responsibility to country that i'm below very nice tasks to the Rev. Thomas Briscoe, B. D., Vice-Principal and coach of Jesus collage, Oxford, for the type suggestions he has rendered me, either in having a look over the paintings prior to it used to be despatched to the Printer, and in correcting the proof-sheets whereas passing throughout the press. have been it no longer for him, and the Rev. William Briscoe, M. A., Fellow of Jesus collage, it truly is uncertain even if the publication may ever were released: and if the reader derives any enjoy the Grammar, he, without doubt, will subscribe to me in acknowledging our gratitude to those Gentlemen.
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Additional info for A grammar of the Welsh language, based on the most approved systems, with copious examples from some of the most correct Welsh writers
CASES OF XOUNS. 152. In "^^elsh, nouns have no endings to denote their various relations to other notions, as they have in Greek and Latin ; but, as in English, their relation is shown by d d Arthur). It loan i of prepositions. (Aethym o however, convenient to adopt the terms nominative case, means is, jwssessive (or genitive), objective (or accusative), 1 reminine nouns llong * ; sing, retain the radical y rhan. Gambold's Grammar, p. 24. and vocative. sound after U and rh ; as y ; ETYIMOLOGY.
The letter g is very often omitted when the word of which it is the Cywir = cy-^rwir ; anpreceded by another word or prefix. Again in the following weledig = an-giweledig ; diorfod = di-í7orfod. words, with otheis whicíi might be mentioned, one consonant is omitted sicrwydd=sicr-rwydd ; meitlirin = maeth-irin ; sobrwydd = sobr-rwydd amyd = aniZ-yd ; canwriad = cani-gwr-iad ; eneinio = enaini-io ; toster = tost-cZer ; amryw amZ-rhy w. initial is : ; = (6) "When a short vowel occurs in a sylhible, the Old School double the consonant next to it, maintaining that it is necessary in order to show the quantity of the vowel.
Crwydr, wandering, crwydradau. Tuedd, inclination, tueddiadau. Addurn, ornament, addurniadau. Ysgrifen, writing, ysgiifeuiadaa. Diuystr, destruction, diuystriadaa. ETYMOLOGY. 32 Oyfarwyddyd, (a) direction, discards yd and adds iadau : cyfarwydd- kdau. 125. Some few nouns are made by adding the pi. pi. suffix to the adjectives of the singular noun. Credadyn, beUever, pi. credinwyr, fr. Cristion, christian, pi. cristionogion, Grâs, grace, Gwlaw, pi. rail',, pi. fr. gwlawogydd, fr. Llîf, flood, pi.